The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) has become the norm in healthcare since going into effect in 1996. Created to address the security and privacy of an individual’s Protected Health Information (PHI), HIPAA covers any information in any form or medium that:
- Is created or received by a healthcare provider, health plan, employer or healthcare clearinghouse;
- Relates to the past, present or future physical or mental health or condition of an individual, or the provision or payment for health care for an individual; and
- Is individually identifiable.