EBSCO Health: Transparency in Healthcare: Achieving clarity in healthcare through transparent reporting of clinical data

In the past, physicians were the keepers of secret knowledge they gained through extensive training. Years of medical school and residency combined with real-world clinical experience resulted in unquestioned authority. Physicians shared knowledge with a select few, namely younger physicians early in their careers and trusted colleagues. There was a firmly-held belief among healthcare consumers, clinical leaders, and practicing physicians that a lifetime of training invariably led to expertise.