Abbreviations and Acronyms | EU*US eHealth Work Project’s Global Case Studies

AACAccreditation Committee
ABCDEAirways, Breathing, Circulation, Disability and Exposure
ACLSAdvanced Cardiac Life Support
ACOAccountable Care Organisation
AGREE IIUpdate of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation
AHAAmerican Hospital Association
AHIMAAmerican Health Information Management Association
AIArtificial Intelligence
AMIAAmerican Medical Informatics Association
ANAAmerican Nursing Association
ANIAAmerican Nursing Informatics Associations
ANTAttention Network Test
ATDAdmission Transfer Discharge
BBABachelor of Business Administration
BIBusiness Intelligence
BSCBachelor of Science
BSNBachelor of Nursing
CAHIMCommission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management
CASNCanadian Association of Schools of Nursing
CDFCumulative Distribution Function
CDPCCentre for Diseases Prevention and Control
CDSClinical Decision Support
CDSSClinical Decision Support System
CEContinuing Education
CEOChief Executive Officer
CHMICentre for Health Management and Informatics
CINTESISCenter for Health Technology and Services Research (Portugal)
CISClinical Information System
CMEContinuing Medical Education
CNIOChief Nursing Informatics Officer
COICommunity of Inquiry (refers to the COI Framework)
COOChief Operating Officer
CPOEComputerized Physician Order Entry
CSCWComputer Supported Cooperative Work
DCRDetailed Care Record
DEDIWEDigital Health and Welfare Services
DELTAAnalytics Maturity Model
DKKDanish Krone (monetary value)
DSSDecision Support System
EADTUEuropean Association of Distance Education Universities
ECEuropean Commission
ECDLEuropean Computer Driving License
ECTSEuropean Credit Transfer System
EHEAEuropean Higher Education Area
EHRElectronic Health Record
EHTELEuropean Health Telematics Association
EMRElectronic Medical Record
EMRAMElectronic Medical Record Adoption Model
EPRElectronic Patient Record
EQFEuropean Qualifications Framework
EREmergency Room
ERDFEuropean Regional Development Fund
ESEPNursing Porto College, Portugal
ESERVICESElectronic Services
ESREuropean Social Fund
EUEuropean Union
EU-USEuropean Union-United States
FASSPharmaceutical Specialties in Sweden
FH OSUniversity of Applied Sciences Osnabrück (Stiftung Fachhochschule Osnabrück in German)
FYFVFive Year Forward View
GHWCGlobal Health Workforce Council
GIIMGlobal Institute for IT Management
GISGeographic Information System
GOIGovernment of India
GPGeneral Practitioner
GUIEGroup for Nursing Informatics (Grupo para a Utilização da Informática em Enfermagem in Portuguese)
H2020Horizon 2020
HEDISHealthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set
HEEHealth Education England
HELSAMThe Institute of Health and Society, Norway
HHSIHealth and Human Services Informatics
HIHealth Informatics
HIEHealth Information Exchange
HIMHealth Information Management
HIMSSHealthcare Information and Management Systems Society
HIPHealth Informatics Professional (related to Canadian core competencies)
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HISHealth Information Systems/Hospital Information System
HISNHealthcare Informatics Society of Nigeria
HITHealth Information Technology, or Health IT
HITCOMPHealth IT Competencies Tool and Repository (
HITECHHealth Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act
HL7Health Level-7
HLEGHigher Level Expect Group
HRHuman Resources
HUSHospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Finland
ICD-10International Statistical Classification of Diseases – 10th Revision
ICFInternational Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
ICNInternational Council of Nurses
ICNPInternational Classification for Nursing Practice
ICSPInternational Competency Synthesis Project
ICTInformation and Communications Technology
ICUIntensive Care Unit
IFHIMAInternational Federation of Health Information Management
IHIPIntegrated Health Information Programme
IMIInstitute of Mathematics and Informatics
IMIAInternational Medical Informatics Association
INTERRAIInternational Computerized Geriatric Assessment Programme
IOMInstitute of Medicine
IOTInternet of Things
ISInformation Services
ISOInternational Organisation for Standardization
ITInformation Technology
IUIndiana University
IUPUIIndiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis
IU-SOICIndiana University – School of Informatics and Computing
JCIJoint Commission International
KLLocal Governments (Kommunernes Landsforening in Danish)
KLINPRIMFocused, Clinical Assessment and Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Primary Care (Klinisk undersøkelse og tverrfaglig samarbeid i primærhelsetjenesten in Norwegian)
KSAU-HSKing Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
LBDLearning by Developing
LOINCLogical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes
MAMaster of Arts
MAHEManipal Academy of Higher Education
MCQMultiple Choice Question
MHEALTHMobile Health
MHHIAMaster of Science in Hospital and Health Information Administration
MIMedical Informatics
M-NGHAMinistry of National Guard, Health Affairs
MOEMinistry of Education
MOHMinistry of Health
MOH&FWMinistry of Health & Family Welfare
MOOCMassive Open Online Course
MOUMemorandum of Understanding (refers to the EU-US Memorandum of Understanding and Roadmap of 2010)
MRIMedical Resonance Imaging
MSCMaster of Science
MSNMaster of Science in Nursing
MTDMMedical Transcription and Data Management
NANDANorth American Nursing Diagnosis Association
NCAAANational Commission for Academic Accreditation and Assessment
NEHANational eHealth Authority
NFHSNational Family Health Survey
NGONon-Governmental Organisation
NHSNational Health Service
NINursing Informatics
NIAHSNational Initiative for Allied Health Services
NICNursing Interventions Classification
NICENursing Informatics and Computer Aided Education
NISNursing Information Systems
NMANational Medical Association
NMAHPNursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professionals
NMCNursing and Midwifery Council
NOCNursing Outcomes Classification
NPÖNational Patient Overview
NSFNorwegian Nurses Organisation
ODOrganisational Development
OECDOrganisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
OROperating Room
PAMFPalo Alto Medical Foundation
PCProject Coordinator
PCMHPatience Centered Medical Home
PFCProject Financial Coordinator
PGCERTPostgraduate Certificate
PGDIPPostgraduate Diploma
PHRPersonal Health Record
PIPrincipal Investigator
PICOPatient/Problem, Intervention, Comparison/Control, Outcome
PMProject Manager/Management
PMFProbability Mass Function
PPN/PPSPractical Procedures in Nursing
PPPPurchasing Power Parity
PRCPeople’s Republic of China
Q&AQuestion and Answer
QAQuality Assurance
QMQuality Management
QSENQuality and Safety Education for Nurses
RCMCRed Cross Medical College
RCNRoyal College of Nursing
RCTRandomized Controlled Trials
R&DResearch and Development
RNRegistered Nurse
SAHISaudi Association for Health Informatics
SAPENursing Practice Support System (Sistema de Apoio à Prática de Enfermagem in Portuguese)
SARSaudi Arabia Royal Currency
SCRSummary Care Record
SEMSState Emergency Medical Service
SINGSutter Informatics Nursing Group
SMESubject Matter Expert
SNOMED-CTSystematized Nomenclature of Medicine—Clinical Terms
SOAHSSchool of Applied Health Sciences
SOISSchool of Information Science
SQLStandard Query Language
SRRSHSir Run Run Shaw Hospital
STMMinistry of Social Affairs and Health (Finland)
SUNETSwedish University Computer Network
TAMTechnology Acceptance Module
THCCTartu Health Care College
TIGERTechnology Informatics Guiding Education Reform
TIGER VLETIGER Virtual Learning Environment; see TIGER above
TMTechnology Management
TUTTampere University of Technology
UAEUnited Arab Emirates
UASUniversity of Applied Sciences
UEFUniversity of Eastern Finland
UGCUniversity Grants Commission
UIOUniversity of Oslo
UIO:ECOLABUniversity of Oslo, eCollaboration Laboratorium
UKUnited Kingdom
UMITUniversity for Health Services, Medical Informatics and Technology, Austria
UNICEFUnited Nations Children’s Fund
UOLUniversity of Latvia
USUnited States
USAIDUnited States Agency for International Development
USINEUnidade de Investigação: Sistemas de Informação em Enfermagem, Portugal
USNUniversity College of Southeast Norway
VIPSWellbeing, Integrity, Prevention and Safety Model (Swedish)
VLEVirtual Learning Environment
WANWide Area Network
WHOWorld Health Organisation
WINWest Midlands Health Informatics Network