Since its inception 24 years ago, OJNI has used the American Psychological Association (APA) style guidelines. Over the years APA has refined these guidelines, and in the fall of 2019, they released their seventh edition and recommended that the new edition be implemented by authors by Q2 of 2020 (APA, 2020a). Thus, in 2020, OJNI requires that all new manuscripts be formatted using this new seventh edition, but in a modified way to best suit the online format.
The biggest changes in the new guidelines are the way references are cited within the content and in the reference list of a manuscript and how electronic sources are cited.
In their quick reference guide, APA (2020b) illustrates how common citations (journal, books, and edited books) should be cited. The biggest changes in this simple guide is that publisher location no longer needs to be included (e.g. Harper: New York would now become just Harper) and that doi be included if inclusive to the publication (however, authors should not include a URL or database information for works from academic research databases, e.g. EBSCO or CINAHL).
In-text citations have been significantly changed for multiple authors. Citations for one or two authors remain the same – for instance (Kaminski, 2020) and (Kaminski & Church, 2020), however “all in-text citations for works with three or more authors are shortened to the name of the first author plus “et al.” (except where this would create ambiguity)” (APA, 2020c, p. xx). In the sixth edition, up to six authors were expected to be cited for the first citation, and et al. was only allowed for subsequent citations.
6th ed. First citation: (Smith, Jones, Pace & Cameron, 2020) can now be simplified to:
7th ed. First citation: (Smith et al., 2020)
However, reference lists must now be more comprehensive: instead of stopping at seven authors, “the number of authors included in a reference entry has changed; up to 20 authors are now included before names are omitted with an ellipsis” (APA, 2020b, p. xxi).
Another major change in the reference list is that the words “Retrieved from” no longer need to be included before a DOI or URL. The basic structure for a one author citation that includes a web address would be:
Last name, First initial. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL
6th ed. Kaminski, J. (2020). OJNI stepping up to APA seventh edition guidelines. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics (OJNI), 24(1). Retrieved from https://www.himss.org/resources/online-journal-nursing-informatics
7th ed. Kaminski, J. (2020). OJNI stepping up to APA seventh edition guidelines. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics (OJNI), 24(1). https://www.himss.org/resources/online-journal-nursing-informatics
As well, unique DOI are now included as a link.
6th ed. doi:10.1353/hpu.2007.0031
7th ed. https:// doi:10.1353/hpu.2007.0031
You can refer to online resources such as the Purdue Online Writing Lab (2020) for more specifics on how to cite various printed and electronic resources.
OJNI uses the first option provided by APA for figures and tables, where we embed them in the text after they are first mentioned (rather than as a cluster at the end of the article). Each figure and table is titled consecutively, with the title placed above the graphic in bold, e.g. Figure 1 Data Results or Table 1 Demographics.
APA outlines the following standards for figures (which also apply to tables):
When submitting a manuscript with figures or tables to OJNI, we ask that all figures and tables be submitted as a graphic file (either jpg or png) in a clear, high resolution format. However, the title of the figure or table should NOT be embedded in this graphic. Rather, the title should be typed in the manuscript where the figure will be inserted, with the figure submitted separately, and appropriately saved as figure1.jpg or table1.png. As well, if notes are required below the table or figure, these should be typed directly into the manuscript and not included in the graphic provided.
For instance, the manuscript should show:
Figure 1: Data Results
(insert Figure 1 here)
Type notes below the insertion point right in the manuscript.
To publish your work professionally on the OJNI site, we ask that you use a modified APA layout. Please follow these steps to ensure the best appearance of your published work.
Align all content including headings to the left of the page
Use Times New Roman size 12 font, double spaced for all text.
Include a brief (one paragraph) biographical sketch of all authors, including current position and full credentials at the end of your manuscript. You may also include an Acknowledgement section at the end, if appropriate.
Before submitting your manuscript to OJNI, please ensure that APA 7th edition style has been applied to your work. In all future 2020 editions, the new APA edition will be used for all manuscripts and editorial feedback will address these expectations.
Powered by the HIMSS Foundation and the HIMSS Nursing Informatics Community, the Online Journal of Nursing Informatics is a free, international, peer reviewed publication that is published three times a year and supports all functional areas of nursing informatics.
American Psychological Association. (2020a). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
American Psychological Association. (2020b). APA style 7th edition: Quick reference guide. https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/reference-guide.pdf
American Psychological Association. (2020c). APA style 7th edition: Introduction. https://apastyle.apa.org/products/publication-manual-7th-edition-introduction.pdf
Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2020). APA Style (7th Edition). Purdue University. https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html