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Abbreviations and Acronyms | EU*US eHealth Work Project’s Global Case Studies

Acronym Description
AAC Accreditation Committee
ABCDE Airways, Breathing, Circulation, Disability and Exposure
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ACO Accountable Care Organisation
AGREE II Update of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation
AHA American Hospital Association
AHIMA American Health Information Management Association
AI Artificial Intelligence
AMIA American Medical Informatics Association
ANA American Nursing Association
ANIA American Nursing Informatics Associations
ANT Attention Network Test
ATD Admission Transfer Discharge
BBA Bachelor of Business Administration
BI Business Intelligence
BSC Bachelor of Science
BSN Bachelor of Nursing
CAHIM Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management
CASN Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing
CDF Cumulative Distribution Function
CDPC Centre for Diseases Prevention and Control
CDS Clinical Decision Support
CDSS Clinical Decision Support System
CE Continuing Education
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CHMI Centre for Health Management and Informatics
CINTESIS Center for Health Technology and Services Research (Portugal)
CIS Clinical Information System
CME Continuing Medical Education
CNIO Chief Nursing Informatics Officer
COI Community of Inquiry (refers to the COI Framework)
COO Chief Operating Officer
CPOE Computerized Physician Order Entry
CSCW Computer Supported Cooperative Work
DCR Detailed Care Record
DEDIWE Digital Health and Welfare Services
DELTA Analytics Maturity Model
DKK Danish Krone (monetary value)
DSS Decision Support System
EADTU European Association of Distance Education Universities
EC European Commission
ECDL European Computer Driving License
ECG Electrocardiogram
ECTS European Credit Transfer System
EHEA European Higher Education Area
EHR Electronic Health Record
EHTEL European Health Telematics Association
EMR Electronic Medical Record
EMRAM Electronic Medical Record Adoption Model
EPR Electronic Patient Record
EQF European Qualifications Framework
ER Emergency Room
ERDF European Regional Development Fund
ESEP Nursing Porto College, Portugal
ESERVICES Electronic Services
ESR European Social Fund
EU European Union
EU-US European Union-United States
FASS Pharmaceutical Specialties in Sweden
FH OS University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück (Stiftung Fachhochschule Osnabrück in German)
FYFV Five Year Forward View
GHWC Global Health Workforce Council
GIIM Global Institute for IT Management
GIS Geographic Information System
GOI Government of India
GP General Practitioner
GUIE Group for Nursing Informatics (Grupo para a Utilização da Informática em Enfermagem in Portuguese)
H2020 Horizon 2020
HEDIS Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set
HEE Health Education England
HELSAM The Institute of Health and Society, Norway
HHSI Health and Human Services Informatics
HI Health Informatics
HIE Health Information Exchange
HIM Health Information Management
HIMSS Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society
HIP Health Informatics Professional (related to Canadian core competencies)
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HIS Health Information Systems/Hospital Information System
HISN Healthcare Informatics Society of Nigeria
HIT Health Information Technology, or Health IT
HITCOMP Health IT Competencies Tool and Repository (
HITECH Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act
HL7 Health Level-7
HLEG Higher Level Expect Group
HR Human Resources
HUS Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Finland
ICD-10 International Statistical Classification of Diseases – 10th Revision
ICF International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
ICN International Council of Nurses
ICNP International Classification for Nursing Practice
ICSP International Competency Synthesis Project
ICT Information and Communications Technology
ICU Intensive Care Unit
IFHIMA International Federation of Health Information Management
IHIP Integrated Health Information Programme
IMI Institute of Mathematics and Informatics
IMIA International Medical Informatics Association
INTERRAI International Computerized Geriatric Assessment Programme
IOM Institute of Medicine
IOT Internet of Things
IS Information Services
ISO International Organisation for Standardization
IT Information Technology
IU Indiana University
IUPUI Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis
IU-SOIC Indiana University – School of Informatics and Computing
JCI Joint Commission International
KL Local Governments (Kommunernes Landsforening in Danish)
KLINPRIM Focused, Clinical Assessment and Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Primary Care (Klinisk undersøkelse og tverrfaglig samarbeid i primærhelsetjenesten in Norwegian)
KSAU-HS King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
LBD Learning by Developing
LOINC Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes
MA Master of Arts
MAHE Manipal Academy of Higher Education
MCQ Multiple Choice Question
MHEALTH Mobile Health
MHHIA Master of Science in Hospital and Health Information Administration
MI Medical Informatics
M-NGHA Ministry of National Guard, Health Affairs
MOE Ministry of Education
MOH Ministry of Health
MOH&FW Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
MOOC Massive Open Online Course
MOU Memorandum of Understanding (refers to the EU-US Memorandum of Understanding and Roadmap of 2010)
MRI Medical Resonance Imaging
MSC Master of Science
MSN Master of Science in Nursing
MTDM Medical Transcription and Data Management
NANDA North American Nursing Diagnosis Association
NCAAA National Commission for Academic Accreditation and Assessment
NEHA National eHealth Authority
NFHS National Family Health Survey
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
NHS National Health Service
NI Nursing Informatics
NIAHS National Initiative for Allied Health Services
NIC Nursing Interventions Classification
NICE Nursing Informatics and Computer Aided Education
NIS Nursing Information Systems
NMA National Medical Association
NMAHP Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professionals
NMC Nursing and Midwifery Council
NOC Nursing Outcomes Classification
NPÖ National Patient Overview
NSF Norwegian Nurses Organisation
OD Organisational Development
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
OR Operating Room
PAMF Palo Alto Medical Foundation
PC Project Coordinator
PCMH Patience Centered Medical Home
PFC Project Financial Coordinator
PGCERT Postgraduate Certificate
PGDIP Postgraduate Diploma
PHR Personal Health Record
PI Principal Investigator
PICO Patient/Problem, Intervention, Comparison/Control, Outcome
PM Project Manager/Management
PMF Probability Mass Function
PPN/PPS Practical Procedures in Nursing
PPP Purchasing Power Parity
PRC People’s Republic of China
Q&A Question and Answer
QA Quality Assurance
QM Quality Management
QSEN Quality and Safety Education for Nurses
RCMC Red Cross Medical College
RCN Royal College of Nursing
RCT Randomized Controlled Trials
R&D Research and Development
RN Registered Nurse
SAHI Saudi Association for Health Informatics
SAPE Nursing Practice Support System (Sistema de Apoio à Prática de Enfermagem in Portuguese)
SAR Saudi Arabia Royal Currency
SCR Summary Care Record
SEMS State Emergency Medical Service
SING Sutter Informatics Nursing Group
SME Subject Matter Expert
SNOMED-CT Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine—Clinical Terms
SOAHS School of Applied Health Sciences
SOIS School of Information Science
SQL Standard Query Language
SRRSH Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital
STM Ministry of Social Affairs and Health (Finland)
SUNET Swedish University Computer Network
TAM Technology Acceptance Module
THCC Tartu Health Care College
TIGER Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform
TIGER VLE TIGER Virtual Learning Environment; see TIGER above
TM Technology Management
TUT Tampere University of Technology
UAE United Arab Emirates
UAS University of Applied Sciences
UEF University of Eastern Finland
UGC University Grants Commission
UIO University of Oslo
UIO:ECOLAB University of Oslo, eCollaboration Laboratorium
UK United Kingdom
UMIT University for Health Services, Medical Informatics and Technology, Austria
UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund
UOL University of Latvia
US United States
USAID United States Agency for International Development
USINE Unidade de Investigação: Sistemas de Informação em Enfermagem, Portugal
USN University College of Southeast Norway
VIPS Wellbeing, Integrity, Prevention and Safety Model (Swedish)
VLE Virtual Learning Environment
WAN Wide Area Network
WHO World Health Organisation
WIN West Midlands Health Informatics Network